Start Arigun Dou Bin Xiangshi? Fude? Namjal? Zhanyinbao
Download jpg (low resolution, after restoration) contact

About us

Historical Background

List of Officers

Fragment right: Officer Machang

Fragment left: Officer Doubin a.o.

Overview Officers on the Photo


About Us
Last updated: November 2023. Please contact us if you have further information.


latest updates:
- "Set of Ten Officer Paintings" resold at Poly Beijing, 7 May 2023.
- Bannerman Teerdengche Tb5 added (Bonhams´s, 18 May 2023, lot 128).
- Bannermann Mingsui 1a16 added.
- Bannerman Huojisi 1a30 added (Poly 3 June 2019, lot 4019).
- Bannerman Arsuna 2b7 added.
- A lot more auctions of East Turkestan prints listed.
- Bannerman Aacheng 2a34 added (Poly 17 December 2017, lot 2532).
- Eulogy of Fude (1a6) bannerman painting auctioned at Christie's London.
- Bannerman Eerboke 1b39 added (Nagel 9 December 2016, lot 263).
- more new bannerman paintings added (formerly Berlin).
- images of red lacquer panels 3.7 and 3.8.
- 13 Jinchuan Campaign prints auction at Christie's NY, 5 April 2015.
- High-res images of red lacquer panels 3.4 and 3.5.
- third Qurman painting fragment added (see Orientations May 2015).
- more than 10 new bannerman paintings added (formerly Berlin).
- Oilpainting of Urtunasun, 2b29, added.
- More battle print auctions added.
- German copies of Helman prints 1-11 added (by the Academie Imperiale).
- Oilpainting of Ma Quan, 2a18 (Jinchuan campaign), added.
- Model drawings 1.4, 1.9 and 1.11 added.
- Copperplate 1.4 and 8.2 added.
- Red lacquer panel 2.15 (Jinchuan Campaign) added.
- Bannerman painting Yan Jin Bao (Taiwan, 2nd 30 Series, Nr. 16) added.
- Complete first Taiwan scroll at iGavel NY, 23 May 2014, lot 3389535 (pdf)
- White lotus painting at CG, 17 May 2014, lot 536 (pdf), see Hist. B. no. 14.1
- Qurman painting (left side) at Sotehby's HK, 8 Oct 2013, lot 3073 (pdf)
- More battle print auctions added.
- Bannerman Burha, 1b29, added.
- Bannerman Tamanai, 1a44, added.
- another unidentified Bannerman added.
- Oilpainting of Ubasi, no. 1 Turgut - / Khoshout - Serie, added.
- Oilpainting of Bambar, Turgut - / Khoshout - Serie, added.
- Bannerman San Yinku / Sainku, No. 18 (Taiwan 2nd 30 Series) added.
- Bannerman Gao Tianxi, 1a22, added.
- Oilpainting of Aldanca, 1a49, added.
- Oilpainting of Sangqiduoerji, 1b4, added.
- Bannerman Eldemboo, No. 8 (Taiwan 2nd 30 Series) added.
- Muslim Rebellion battle paining Sotheby´s NY, 19/20 March 2013, lot 449.
- Sale of Taiwan red lacquer panel 1923 sales 3.10 and 3.11.
- More bannerman auctions.
- More auctions on conquest engravings and red lacquer panels.
- 17 officer paintings in their oil version (mostly from the Brill 1985 catalogue)
  Sotheby's HK, 9 October 2012 (pdf); auction cancelled, private sale.
- Cemcukjab (1b6) for sale again: Sotheby's NY, 11 September 2012.
- List of Officers: four new banner man paintings from the Hermitage added
  Cebdenjab (1a5), Boerbencha (1a20), Youtun (1a37) and Fuxier (1a45)
- List of Officers: Fulu (1b2) added, photo taken from resurfaced Qurman painting
- better image of the resurfaced Qurman painting uploaded, after restoration
- Literature: four auctions with presumably fake portraits added
- Literature: more Japanese literature, now in a seperate section
- Historical Background: another sale (year 2000) of the red laquer panel 2.1
- Historical Background: another Taiping painting (no.9) and two 2nd East
  Turkestan prints (no.8) added, sold at Christie's London, 10 May 2006
- Historical Background: present location of another 30 copper plates
- Banner man painting of Zhang Zhiyuan, No. 19 (Taiwan 2nd 30 Series)
  (not 2b19), offered at CG Beijing, May 21, 2011
- Banner man painting of Cemcukjab, 1b6, offered at Sotheby's HK, April 8, 2011
- Historical Background: Scroll 4 of "The Grand Review", sold 26 March 2011
- Historical Background: Painting 11.7., sold at Sotheby´s NY, 23 March 2011
- Historical Background: 10.5., Poly Auction Beijing, 12 April 2010, added


The Meritorious Officers Portraits on Chinese Television CCTV 4


Past exhibitions on this subject:

Weltmuseum, Wien
Staub & Seide
Steppen- und Seidenstraßen

16 December 2021 bis 3 May 2022

MARKK Museum, Hamburg
Steppen & Seidenstraßen

11 December 2020 – 7 November 2021

Kulturforum, Berlin
Faces of China (pdf)
Portrait Painting of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368–1912)
12 October 2017 – 7 January 2018

Grimaldi Forum, Monaco
La Cité Interdite à Monaco
Vie de cour des empereurs et impératrices de Chine
14 July – 10 September 2017

University Museum and Art Gallery of the University of Hong Kong:
Imagining Qianlong: Louis XV’s Chinese Emperor Tapestries and Battle Scene Prints at the Imperial Court in Beijing with catalogue
15 March - 28 May 2017

The Met Fifth Avenue, New York:
Show and Tell: Stories in Chinese Painting
29 October 2016 – 6. August 2017

National Palace Museum, Taipei:
Giuseppe Castiglione - Lang Shining
8 October 2015 –

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:
The Printed Image in China
5 May – 29 July 2012

British Museum, London:
The Printed Image in China, From the 8th to the 21st Centuries
6 May – 5 September 2010

Louvre, Paris:
Prints of Ideal China - When the Emperor Qianlong commissioned prints from Louis XV with catalogue
12 February - 18 May 2009

The Museum of Macau / Museu de Macau:
The Conquests of the Emperor of China
9 September - 2 December 2007

Royal Academy of Arts, London:
China: The Three Emperors, 1662—1795
12 November 2005 - 17 April 2006

2002: National Museums of Scotland
The Qianlong emperor : treasures from the Forbidden City
6 July - 15 September 2002

Museu de Arte de Macau
The Golden Exile, Pictorial Expressions of the School of Western Missionaries

Hong Kong Museum of Art:
From Beijing to Versailles : Artistic Relations between China and France
28 April - 15 June 1997


We are an open group of international researchers on the Chinese East Turkestan (and other series) battle paintings and prints. Everybody is most welcome to contribute to this website and share knowledge on this subject.

The main subject matter is the famous original painting Battle of Qurman from the great Chinese Qianlong emperor from 1760 from the Hall of Purple Glaze. In recent years three fragments of this painting have come to light.

Total size of the original painting Battle of Qurman: ca. 4 meter high x 8 meter width

Fragment 2 (left): 68.6 x 105.5 cm;
Fragment 3 (middle): 44.5 x 90 cm (jpg);
Fragment 1 (right): 388 x 366 cm

The painting Battle of Qurman was ordered by the Qianlong emperor in the year 1760 as a coproduction between Chinese court painters and European missionary painters and was hanging together with other paintings in the Hall of Purple Lights, the Hall of Fame of the Chinese emperors.

During the Boxer uprising 1900/1901 the Hall of Purple Lights was looted and most paintings are lost. From the original battle paintings only one single fragment was long known to exist, which is the right part of the painting Battle of Qurman in the archives of the Ethnological Museum of Hamburg. In recent years however two more fragments have resurfaced.

To explain the historical context of this subject we have put a few important articles from the last millennium on this website for download (see Literature). If you have any comments for us or you object to the downloads please send us an E-Mail to

"He loaded his cannon on camels. People who heard their thunderous roar near and far submitted"

China Marches West
Peter C. Perdue
p. 305